When you are investigating all types of water treatment strategies and processes, then there will be the better use of Ion Exchange Resin. The Ion Exchange is known as a chemical reaction procedure. It is the place where the dissolved ions get removed from a solution, and then it is replaced with ions that carry similar or the same type of electrical charge. The resin is created with polymers, which builds a system of hydrocarbons, and the ion exchange will last for 10 to 15-years during the water treatments.
How does the Ion Exchange Resin works?
The process of Ion-Exchange begins when the Ion Exchange Resin reciprocates the place with ions that carry the same charge, found within a solution, which it passes through. That particular solution is the water, which flows through filtration system of ion exchange. It gets done with the help of functional groups of Ion Exchange Resins. These functional groups are fixed ions attached within the polymer matrix of resins. It will help charged ions to bond well with ions equipped with an opposing charge and is delivered through a counter-ion mixture. After that, the counter-ion will continues bonding with the functional group until it reaches a state of stability.
Other things you need to know about the process of Ion Exchange Resin
The Ion Exchange process takes place for two main reasons. Firstly, all positive charged ions do not carry the same positive charge. Lastly, the resin will prefer more energetic ions like magnesium and calcium ones, instead of sodium ions, which are the weaker ones. That is why during the ion exchange process, the solution used, runs towards the beds of Ion Exchange Resin and then flows freely within the ion exchange beads.
Once the solution passes through the resin, functional groups of resin will attracts counter-ions, which are present within the solution. At this point, the ions that are present within the solution will replace existing ions in resins, to take their place. It will create a bond with the functional groups through electrostatic attraction. The more abundant an ion is, the higher will be its affinity through oppositely charged ions.
What is the water softening system?
The water softening system takes the help of ion-exchanged process, and this softening mechanism is called cation exchange resin. It is the place where functional groups of sulfonate anion gets attached to matrix of Ion Exchange Resin. Through this electrostatic attraction, both sodium anions and sulfonate anions are held together. That will help in creating a neural charge and a proper balance within the resin. The functional groups of sulfonate are equipped with much more hardness anions than sodium cations. In simple words, it means that the hardness anions will replace the sodium cations, which comes out from a unit of Ion Exchange Resins.
The information given in the above providing you a general idea of what the ion-exchange process is, and how exactly the process of Ion Exchange Resin works in water treatment systems and water softeners.